Hopkinsville Pow-Wow Celebrates And Preserves Native Tradition

Sep 11, 2019

Credit Tomas Lopez

Magnificent clothes whirled at a campsite in Hopkinsville last weekend, as Native Americans represented their respective tribes through dance, while parading into the circled arena during the Grand Entry.

Although the dances varied by tribe, they collectively stepped to the pounding of the drums.

The campsite sits along the “Trail of Tears”. The passage running through Christian County is part of the “Northern Route,” which took Native Americans North through Nashville, into Hopkinsville, and then west to Illinois, Missouri, and Oklahoma. For 32 years, this site has hosted an annual multi-national Pow-Wow.

Credit Tomas Lopez

One of the drummers from the event is Caysi Big Pond. Bigpond is half Choctow and Cree. He traveled to the Pow-Wow from Mississippi. He said multi national celebrations like Hopkinsville’s Pow-Wow draw members from many states and tribes to share their origin stories.

Big Pond said each tribe has their own legend and creation stories, but most stories are used to offer life lessons to children. 

“It’s important because that’s how we pass down knowledge. Some stories are life lesson stories. Some stories are part of a family tree or a family heirloom," Big Pond said.

Down the trail away from the dancing, a man with a gray braid motioned for the crowd to pull in closer as he began to tell a life lesson story.

Man with gray braid telling the four direction story
Credit Tomas Lopez

The story was about the four directions and different animals found along the way.  He drew a square pointing to North, South, East, and West. He pointed to the square and told the crowd we share this world and need to focus on togetherness.  

Bernard Liddell Little Hawk Laughing helped start the Hopkinsville Pow-Wow with this grandmother 32 years ago. Hawk’s originally from upstate New York on the Saint Regis Mohawk reservation.

Hawk carrying his family's eagle staff during Grand Entry
Credit Tomas Lopez

He is a middle-aged man with hair cut into a mohawk. He wore vibrant Native clothing paired with his U.S. Marine Veteran’s cap. At this years Pow-Wow he carried his family’s eagle staff in honor of a family member who recently passed. 

Hawk's family's staff
Credit Tomas Lopez

Hawk said the easiest way for him to describe what a Pow-Wow is would be to call it a church meeting, a county fair, and a multi-national gathering. He said although there are a variety of tribes at the event with their own individual beliefs, it’s a place of peace.

He participated this year in the Men’s Traditional category. The dance he performed was one historically done by warriors returning home from battle to cleanse themselves of the guilt from taking life. Hawk described it as two steps to the right and two steps to the left in time with the drum.

Man performing traditional dance
Credit Tomas Lopez

Some of the songs that were performed are called “audibles.” Hawk said the great loss of native language has left many words with no meaning. 

He said when the Europeans first came over to the United States, there were over 5000 languages spoken in present day U.S. and Canada, but now there are less than 500 native languages to North America. 

Hawk said he believes Pow-Wows keep Native traditions alive. Hopkinsville’s intertribal Pow-wow is a venue where emotions are felt and excitement is contagious. Cultural was not only being preserved but performed, and those that share Native blood looked proud as they collected together to honor traditions at a place where ancestors once felt great persecution.